Most data collection requires some sort of form or instrument for compiling information, such as a recording sheet, a questionnaire, an observation protocol, or a videotape or audiotape. Think about the data collection method you’ve chosen and decide what is needed to record the information. If possible, use tested and validated instruments. Often, however, we must design and test our own instruments.
In that case, check to ensure that the instrument will:
- Secure the information you want.
- Be understood by the respondent and the recorder.
- Be simple and easy to follow.
- Be culturally sensitive.
To help avoid potential problems, pilot test the instruments with people similar to your proposed respondents and recorders.