7.16: Data collection

The evaluation model has 5 components: Focus, Questions, Indicators, Timing, and Data Collection. This illustration highlights Data Collection: Determine data collection sources, methods, sample, instrumentation.

Once we have defined our questions and identified indicators, we turn to data collection.

Sources of Information

There are many places to find the data we need, including:

  • Existing information:
    • Program documents
    • Existing databases
    • Agency records
    • Research reports
    • Etc.
  • People:
    • Participants/nonparticipants
    • Key informants
    • Partners
    • Staff
    • Policy makers
    • Etc.
  • Pictorial records and observations:
    • Photographs
    • Videotapes
    • Maps
    • Observation

Methods of Data Collection

There are also many ways in which to gather data. The”best” method is the method most likely to provide you with the information you need.

  • Survey
    • Mail (surface, electronic)
    • Telephone
    • On-site
  • Interview
    • Structured interviews
    • Unstructured interviews
  • Case study
  • Observation
  • Portfolio reviews
  • Tests
  • Journals
  • Etc.

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